Where care proceedings are issued due to a concern of over-chastisement, some carers say they didn't know it was wrong to "smack". They see the level of chastisement as appropriate and fitting. Some will say they were simply at their wits end and had a momentary loss of control.
It is sometimes the case that a parent will say they "smack" their child but what the child describes amounts to much more.
Many countries now have full bans on "smacking" and physical chastisement is one of many forms of abuse regularly seen in care proceedings.
Smacking is harmful to children's mental health and a UK-wide ban should be introduced, the organisation representing educational psychologists, has said.