Exploitation takes many forms and has no regard from age, gender, nationality etc
If a child participates in an activity that is detrimental to their health and mental and physical development or wellbeing, this is clearly exploitation
Whilst we may be far from the days of "Oliver Twist", children are still at risk of exploitation and it can be very difficult to identify if the child is a willing participant in videos found on blogs, YouTube and social media.
Typically, when a child is hired as an actor, there are laws and safeguards to monitor the education, hours and conditions of that child's workday. The Coogan Law requires child actors to have Coogan accounts where employers can deposit 15% of a minor's earnings, according to the Screen Actor's Guild. But when the child is an online entertainer and their parent is their only supervisor, those safety measures don't exist.